Last April has been the most violent for women since 2015: 267 investigation files for intentional homicide were registered, a figure that represents a new record. During April, in full quarantine, the 32 attorney general’s offices or prosecutors’ offices reported the crimes;
Throughout this year, intentional homicides of women increased by 11.7%, from 884 cases between January and April 2019 to 987 in the same period in 2020. This is the highest figure that has been reported in the first four months of the year, according to the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security System (SESNSP). The number indicates that since 2015 the investigation folders for the crime of intentional homicide of women has more than doubled, going from 478 to 987 cases.
In the SESNSP report of criminal incidence and calls for help to 911, the most dangerous states —in relation to murders of this type that are committed for every 100,000 women— are Colima, with a rate of 8.4 intentional homicides; Guanajuato, with 5.4; Chihuahua, with 4.4; Baja California, with 3.8, and Michoacán, with 3.3. The largest number of cases, without relating it to the size of the female population, is in Guanajuato, with 172; followed by the State of Mexico, with 95; Chihuahua, with 84; Michoacán, with 82, and Baja California, with 70.
In the case of femicides —that is, those murders in which the victim was attacked for being a woman— there was also an increase in the first four-month period of 2020: between January and April in 2019 there were 305 cases, and in the same period in 2020, 308. When comparing the crimes committed with its female population, the entities with the highest incidence are Colima, with 1.27 cases for every 100 women who live there; Morelos, with 1.24; Nuevo León, with 0.86; San Luis Potosí, with 0.75, and Puebla, with 0.73 reports.
The most affected entities were the State of Mexico, with 38; Veracruz, with 29; Puebla, with 25; Nuevo León, with 24, and Mexico City, with 19. In this sense, the most dangerous municipalities for them —based on the number of femicides per 100,000 women— are Santiago Maravatío, Guanajuato, with 26.02; Mezquitic, Jalisco, with 18.75; Ocampo, Coahuila, with a rate of 17.88; Azoyú, Guerrero, which has a record of 14.74, as well as Gutiérrez Zamora, Veracruz, with an incidence of 14.59. Intentional homicide of women and feminicide are typified differently; However, the coordinator of the National Citizen Observatory of Feminicide, María de la Luz Estrada Mendoza, explains that in order to have a more complete vision of the panorama that extreme violence against women entails, it is necessary to see all the data as a whole. If it is analyzed in this way, it is observed that in one year, in the period between January and April 2019 to 2020, the number of murders of women in the country increased by 8.9 percentage points, reaching 1,295 homicides, figure that indicates that there are almost 11 crimes per day, the highest number in the history of the country.
“We have not seen improvements or changes in a year. I don’t see the new federal and local strategies that are reversing this context of criminal violence. This context of violence against women is also not being understood in the policy of preventing crimes of disappearance and femicide. What worries me is that … the data is still disappointing. In the context of the pandemic, violence against women is being pushed aside, as if they were not being killed. There are no personnel in the prosecution offices and the experts are not working. In themselves, the investigations are not doing well at the moment, and now, with the pandemic, things are worse”, criticizes Estrada Mendoza.
At the National Sana Distance Day, almost 1,500 more complaints were filed for family violence than last year, representing an increase of 4.5 percentage points in the number of cases in March and April alone. As for emergency calls to 911 for incidents of aggression against women, the number increased 53%, and considering only the months of March and April, the calls for help increased 52%, according to the data from the Secretariat National Public Security.
Source: El Universal